Abnormal Psychology Chapter 1-4 Questions. What is psychology? ... Chapter 1, Myers Psychology 9e 1. 2- Why is the diagnosis of a psychological disorder of feelings, thoughts and behaviors always difficult? The process of growth and change that people go through is called: Discontinuity. Terms in this set (60) Psychology. A humanist who revolutionized therapy with his book, Client-Centered Therapy in 1951; furthered humanistic theory. Practical - chapter 6-8 test bank questions + answers Practical - chapter 11-2 test bank questions + answers Practice Final Exam MCQChapter 01-Introduction MCQChapter 02-Neuroscience MCQChapter 03-Consciousness. Psychology 101 Study Guide, Exam #1 Chapter 1: The Science of Mind I. Questions (1-10) 1- What are psychological Disorders? PLAY. Select the best answer for each of the following questions. Access the answers to hundreds of psychology questions, explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. His theory of Structuralism has the goal of understanding the structure of the mind by using scientific introspection; established the first experimental psychology lab in 1879. Scientific study II. General Psychology Chapter 1 Test Questions. Another of the main psychological viewpoints distinguished by the emphasis on mental processes such as learning, memory, perception, and thinking as forms of information processing. Find helpful Psychology questions and answers on Chegg.com. 3- How do people identify a normal from an abnormal behavior? Deviance. the scientific study of behavior and mental processes, an observable action emitted by an organism, more difficult to observe directly; includes thoughts, feelings, and beliefs, based on systematic observation; goals are to describe, explain, predict, and change, the process of analyzing and assessing thinking with a view to improving it, when you use the vocabulary of a discipline to answer its essential questions, statement, elaboration, example, and illustration, purpose, question at issue, information, interpretation and inference, concepts, assumptions, implications and consequences, and point of view, to unify seemingly disparate or conflicting parts into a whole, psychology is a science; its goals are to describe, explain, predict, and change behavior, B=f(P+E+PE) ~ behavior is influenced by P(person) and E(environment) and the interaction of Person and Environment, psychology has evolved in a socio-historical context, and its major theoretical perspectives reflect this phenomenon, socio-cultural context influences how psychological concepts are understood and applied, to describe scientifically it must first be observed; (empiricism) we convey their characteristics using words, we build on observation and description to address the how and why of behavior; we are stating what we believe to be the mechanisms and/or the causes, we are drawing upon our observations, descriptions, and explanations to state what we think will happen in the future, (control) we must first have the knowledge and ability to predict behavioral outcomes, and then we must make a decision to apply our knowledge; whether under the more controlled conditions of the laboratory or the less controlled conditions of the real world, behavior is a function of things about the person plus things about the environment plus person times environment, how things inside and outside affect each other (person and environment), culture (in psychological term obviously), a bridge between person and environment - a critical determinant of behavior, including the behavior of the discipline, a set of beliefs or assumptions that is shared by a group - ways of thinking about how to do science, belief that our knowledge about anything is built as we go, and is therefore a part of our experience, belief that behavioral phenomena exist independent of the observer, and can therefore be studied objectively (this group test hypotheses by designing experiments that seek to separate the effects of causal factors from extraneous ones, lest the truth be concealed or distorted), three common descriptive methods: naturalistic observation, case study, and survey (what and how), a research method that places the researcher/observer in the natural habitat of the observed, which provides an opportunity to witness and record the behavior directly, without interacting with the observed, a research method whereby the researcher gathers a great deal of information about one person through a combination of techniques, including interview, history, and review of records, methods that are able to gather a lot of information about a lot of people by asking them to respond to questions about their behavioral practices, beliefs, or opinions, the variables are changing together in the same direction (decreasing together or increasing together are both the same), how correlations are expressed; a point on the number line; allow us to make predictions about one behavior if we have information about the other, the sign of the correlation coefficient has nothing to do with how strong the correlation is - it merely indicates the direction of the relationship (positive or negative), attempt to isolate cause by manipulating a variable that is hypothesized to be the cause of another variable (what is the effect of one variable on another variable? 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